Red dot sights usually don’t come as a default option on a shotgun.
However, they’ve been gaining popularity recently, and you may want to consider using one on your shotgun.
We’ve made a complete guide on how to sight in a shotgun red dot sight, how to zero it, and more.
- How to Zero a Red Dot Sight on Shotgun: 5 Easy Steps
- Zeroing Using Buckshot
- Zeroing Using Slugs
- How to Sight a Red Dot Scope WITHOUT Shooting
- Why Use Red Dot Sights on Shotguns?
- Why Shotgun Pellet Pattern Matters
- How to Test And Record Your Shotgun DOPE
- Frequently Asked Questions
How to Zero a Red Dot Sight on Shotgun: 5 Easy Steps
After you’ve attached a red dot to your shotgun, let’s zero the sight, so it has good accuracy.
You can use two types of shells/loads on a shotgun. These are buckshot and slugs. The zeroing method for both is different.
Let’s start with buckshot.
Zeroing Using Buckshot
Buckshot is an ammunition type that involves multiple smaller pellets hitting a target. This makes zeroing easier.
1. Set Up Your Target at the Preferred Range
The DISTANCE between you and your target is essential for zeroing. Place yourself at a distance where you’ll be commonly using the shotgun.
Preferably you should use a paper target or one where you can easily see where all the pellets went through.
2. Fire Multiple Shots at the Target
When your setup is ready, fire at least three shots at the target. Ideally, you should shoot at the SAME SPOT each time.
Remember that the spread (variation of pellets hitting the paper target) depends on the choke tube, range, barrel length, and loads.
3. Adjust the Reflex Sight to the Center of the Spread
After firing, keep your shotgun aimed at the target and fix your red dot sight based on the center of where the pellets hit.
You can make these adjustments via the adjustment mechanisms on the scope mount or the red dot itself.
You can also make different adjustments based on each pattern you see based on the individual choke tube you have.
Shoot multiple times per choke pattern for better results.
TAKE NOTE: On the Trijicon RMR red dot sight, the adjustments need to be done using a screwdriver, coin, or the extractor rim of a 5.56mm cartridge.
4. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 for Your Discretion
If you’re unsatisfied with the zero, rinse and repeat steps two and three.
However, as most shooters use shotguns at close range, you won’t need to change things too much.
5. Take Breaks Regularly
Like with any exercise, taking a break is crucial for improvement. You also want to rest your weapon after a long shooting session.
You don’t want to damage the cover, trigger, or choke just because you’re using them without breaks.
Zeroing Using Slugs
Slugs hit targets differently than buckshot.
Instead of pellets, slugs are one large bullet, similar to how a rifle or pistol operates. However, the range still isn’t as good.
Adjusting the zero for it has a different procedure.
1. Choose the Best Choke Tube
Shooting slugs has a lot of benefits when it comes to accuracy at range versus pellets with a spread or shot pattern.
A proper choke tube can keep a slug in the right direction longer.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Check the width of the choke before firing with it. Some guns don’t have the same width as the choke you might be using.
2. Set Up at the Right Distance
Generally, slugs are meant to be shot at LONGER distances than pellets. 50-100 meters is an excellent range to zero the red dot on the gun.
3. Shoot Three Shots on Target
Similar to pellet adjustments, shoot the paper target three times.
However, correct for bullet drop instead of correcting to the middle of the shot groups.
You can use the same adjustments you made on the buckshot, but targeting should be a few inches when shooting at 50-100 yards.
4. Change Settings Based on Results
Like with buckshot, you can make more adjustments based on how precise you want the gun to be.
Don’t expect it to be as accurate as a rifle at farther distances, though.
How to Sight a Red Dot Scope WITHOUT Shooting
Let’s get into how to sight in red dots without shooting. Practicing this is crucial, especially for fast target acquisition in home defense.
1. Read the Manual
Before doing anything with your gun and red dot, read the manual. It’s better to know HOW to do things and not need them than to need them and not know.
It will speed up the process of learning about your red dot sight.
2. Check the Shooting Ranges
Like zeroing your gun, you must always check the shooting ranges.
The point of aim won’t matter if your bullet over or undershoots the ideal point of impact.
A new shooter should keep it at 20-25 yards, experienced shooters at 100 yards, and riflemen at 250 yards.
3. Prepare All Tools You Need
Before aiming in, you’ll need to prepare all the tools necessary for installing the sight. A prepared shooter is an effective shooter!
You’ll need the mounting plate, red dot, your gun, and other accessories mentioned in the sight’s manual.
If you install a shotgun red dot sight, you might want to bring your full choke tube, alternate barrel options, or even different scopes.
If you haven’t assembled your weapon yet, don’t forget parts like the receiver, cover, trigger, or break.
When preparing, remember to follow the standard weapon safety protocols. Ensure the weapon is pointed downrange at all times, and unload the gun when setting it up.
4. Mount Your Red Dot Scope
The manual should have a straightforward explanation and step-by-step tutorial on mounting the optic onto your weapon.
Most guns have a Picatinny rail on the receiver, the position usually on the weapon’s upper part.
5. Have an Unobstructed Aim
Regardless of distance, you should have a view that isn’t bothered by distractions. This includes anything you might be wearing. Focus is crucial to consistent shot groups.
Red dots are night vision compatible and can be used in complete darkness because of the bright aiming point/reticle.
The point of aim of your paper or target should also be seen through the red dot sight.
Why Use Red Dot Sights on Shotguns?
Red dots were popularized on the handgun, submachine gun, and even the short-distance rifle.
However, a shotgun benefits from using these optics because it doesn’t block the lower half of your point of impact.
Meanwhile, most iron sights block the lower half of where you’re sighting.
Red dot sights allow you to see where your shot pattern hit. Then you can change accordingly. Target acquisition will improve.
Night vision equipment can also be used better with a red dot since the light from the reticle can illuminate targets better.
An excellent example of this is when turkey hunting!
Even when it’s dark out, turkey hunting can still be viable since the turkey you’re trying to shoot is illuminated by the reticle.
Pair this with a decent pair of night vision goggles, and you’ll be happy hunting!
Why Shotgun Pellet Pattern Matters
The pellet pattern on a shotgun DOES matter because the tighter the shot variation, the more pellets will hit where you aimed.
Many factors determine the shot pattern.
1. Barrel Length
The first factor is the length of the barrel. A short barrel will have a wider spread, while a longer one will have a tighter one.
2. Choke Type and Length
Another factor is the choke used.
The shortest and least restrictive choke tube can slightly righten the shot pattern, while the longer full choke tubes can make the spread close to a slug.
How to Test And Record Your Shotgun DOPE
Many long-distance shooters use DOPE. However, let’s check how you can do it on your shotgun.
What Is DOPE?
DOPE stands for Data On Previous Engagement.
This is a small booklet or index card of data you carry with your weapon to increase consistency.
This data includes gathering information from previous shooting sessions. It contains information such as:
- Bullet drop adjustment
- Wind adjustment
- Adjustment for moving targets
- Performance of various ammo types
Sometimes, this can be stored directly on a scope through scope caps.
Testing and Recording on a Shotgun
DOPE may seem complicated to do, but on a shotgun, it’s simple!
You won’t be using this at a longer distance, so wind and moving target adjustments aren’t needed.
We’re left with bullet drop and ammo-type data.
This mainly applies to shooting with slugs, as they’re more affected by bullet drops at the distances they’re used in.
You’ll be aiming higher than the reticle as you shoot at a target at a specific distance.
Record this change on your DOPE. That way, you can use this info next time to be on target immediately.
For ammo type, there’s buckshot and slug. The performance of these two ammo types will vary.
For example, record this difference on your DOPE if you record massive shot pattern variety at the point of impact using buckshot when a slug is still on target.
Frequently Asked Questions
After reading our guide about red dot sights on shotguns, you may still have a few questions. We’ve answered the commonly asked questions about them.
How Many Yards Should I Sight My Red Dot?
On a shotgun, the ranges you’ll use it at are limited. Therefore, the best distances to sight your red dot are 20-100 yards, depending on the ammo type.
Buckshot should be used at closer distances, while you should use slugs from a distance.
Can You Bore Sight a Red Dot on a Shotgun?
Yes, you can!
Hitting targets is simpler when you use a laser or even your eyes to bore sight. Aligning the gun’s barrel position with the sight is ideal.
How Accurate is a Red Dot?
A red dot is usually precise at up to 300 or 400 yards. However, you need a weapon to achieve the same precise shots from farther away.
What Guns Can You Mount a Red Dot Sight?
The red dot is one of the most versatile sights. Mounting it on any weapon is viable, from the smallest pistol to the longest rifle works.
Are Iron Sights Better than Red Dot Sights?
Usually, red dot sights are better than irons.
This is because of the better visibility, light in the reticle, less shaking when you fire, and fast target acquisition.
Irons do have an advantage – longevity.
Red dots have a battery that can run out after a few years. An iron sight shooter doesn’t need to worry about this.
However, the advantages of a red dot still outweigh the iron sight benefits.
Can I Use a Shotgun for Home Defense?
Weapons like these are optimized to shoot in close quarters.
Many shooters use a full choke to reduce the size of the shot pattern or shot groups and make each load count.
We hope that this complete guide will help you sight in a red dot on your shotgun and answer any questions you might have about hitting targets.
An important lesson from this guide is that shooters will constantly improve as long as they keep hitting their shots and getting practice in.
Zeroing in your gun and doing things like DOPE on paper is good.
However, nothing beats consistent practice and hard work to improve your shot!