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The coyote is a canid native to North America. The average male coyote weighs 8 to 20 kilograms (18 to 44 lb) and the average female 7 to 18 kilograms (15 to 40 lb). Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography.
It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or loosely knit packs unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, birds, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion.
Coyote attacks on humans are uncommon and rarely cause serious injuries. But it usually kills other animals smaller to rob their food such as dogs, cats, even sheep. Besides, it is clear that coyote fur is considered worthless, so the hunting of coyotes for their fur become a significant source of income for hunters because it used for coats, jackets, scarves or muffs. The majority of pelts used for making trimmings, such as leather collars and sleeves for women’s clothing.
How to tan a coyote hide that you will love
Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather. Tanning hide into leather involves a process which permanently alters the protein structure of skin, making it more durable and less susceptible to decomposition and also possibly coloring it.
Step 1: Preparation
After hunting, you put the hide on the table and attach it into, then, you need to use a sharp knife to skin and trim off any flesh and scrape visible fatom the hide.
Method 1: Using an entire natural progress
Wash the hide
After fleshing the hide, you use clear water and soap to reject dirt, blood, and other impurities. You should remove it various times to ensure reliable the hide being white more.
Dry the hide
Put the coat on a drying rock which the sun shines, or you can bore holes along the edge of it and use twine to attach it is in a rack which you can purchase at supermarkets or household appliance shops. You need to notice that the hide must be stretched completely and dry out for a few days or up to a week depending on your climate to prepare for tanning progress.
Denair the hide
Putting the hide on the face of a flat wooden stick and taking a dull knife and weeding its furs out the hide. Be careful near the belly area because the skin here is thinner than the rest of the coat. Also, if the hair is long, cut it to decrease the amount of the hour for this process. Moreover, scrape against the grain of the hair and scrape away from yourself.
Step 2: Brain the hide
To have an effective natural tanning method, you can apply the oil of an animal’s brain. You need to take the following steps:
Firstly, cook animal’s brain and a cup of water until they become a solution or you also can take in its brain and put it in a little bit of warm water, then take a stick and stir them up and mix them all up into that water. Make sure you get a good combination.
Secondly, rub the brain mixture into the hide by a clout, make sure you cover all of the hides.
Finally, roll up the hide and cover it in a large plastic freezer bag. Next, put it in the refrigerator at least 24 hours.
Step 3: Often the hide
Now, you lift the hideout to begin a soften stage. You can ask someone to help you by both of you hold the end of the leather and stretch it out. Continue is doing so until skin’s animal is soft.
The other way, you can hang it on an iron clothes horse and take two ends of the hide and pull it up and down. It is a good way if you do by yourself.
Method 2: Using stanning chemicals
Nowadays, almost tanners apply this method to tan because it saves apparently time and energy. So, I will show you this perfect way. However, there are some poisonous chemicals, so you should wear a pair of gloves to protect your hands from them.
After fleshing, the hide is treated first with salt to bring down the PH of collagen to a very low level so as to facilitate the penetration of mineral tanning agent into the substance and avoid the attack of bacteria. Covering salt over the hide and rolling up it, then storing it in a significant bin about two weeks.
You need to prepare some ingredient:
- 2 gallons water
- 1 pounds bran flakes
- 8 cups plain or pickling salt (not iodized)
- Two large plastic trash cans and one lid
- One box baking soda
- ¼ cups battery acid
- One large stick for stirring
A couple of hours before you plan to tan, soak the dried skin in clean water. Boil two gallons of water and pour over the bran flakes. After an hour, strain the bran flakes out. Then, pour boiled three gallons of water into the 8 cups of salt and use the stirring stick to mix until the salt dissolves. Add the brown bran liquid and stir.
When this solution is lukewarm, you add the battery acid. You should wear gloves and protective clothes to avoid the acid firing. Stir the battery acid in thoroughly. After 40 minutes, use the stirring stick to move the skin into the other trash can carefully. Then, wash the hide with clean water and stir the skin for 5 minutes, changing the water when it looks dirty.
Next, add a box of baking soda which neutralizing some of the acids in the skin. Remove the hide from rinse water, hang over a rank and use a rag to swab the still- damp skin side with neatsfoot oil. The following, hang the hide on a stretch or hide dryer to finish the progress.
Chromium (III) sulfate has long regarded as the most efficient and effective tanning. Before the introduction of chromium chemicals in the tanning progress, a few steps are needed to produce the skin. These measures include shaving, soaking in lime, reducing lime, soften skin with enzymes and pickling.
After all, the hide soaked in chromium solution. When the desired level of skin permeability chromium achieves, fishes it out and completely dries. Meanwhile, skin changes into blue so called wet blue leather.
Conclusion, nowadays, leather products are getting more popular such as wallets, clothes, shoes, belts, yet they sold at a price much higher than other materials. So, I hope that methods above can help you to become richer. Good luck!