Have you ever gotten ready to shoot at a target only to get a blurry sight picture no matter how you adjust your scope? Has your scope ever given you a black eye (scope bite) when the recoil kicked in?
These issues both have something to do with this thing called eye relief, or the distance between your eye and the end of your rifle scope.
Here is everything you need to know about what eye relief on a scope is, how to ensure you have the correct amount of eye relief, and why it is vital for ensuring accuracy and precision in the field.
- What Is Eye Relief on a Scope?
- What Is the Purpose of Eye Relief?
- How Much Eye Relief Do I Need?
- How to Measure Eye Relief for a Scope?
- How to Adjust Eye Relief on a Rifle Scope?
- Why Is Eye Relief Important?
- Using Eye Relief with Different Shooting Scenarios
- What Are the Factors That Affect Eye Relief?
- What Are Factors to Consider for Finding the Right Eye Relief?
- Final Thoughts on Eye Relief on a Scope
What Is Eye Relief on a Scope?
Eye relief is the distance between your scope’s ocular lens (rear lens) and the tip of your eye.
Viewing your target with an inadequate amount of relief can produce an image that is fuzzy or distorted, while having the correct amount will give you the whole viewing angle you need to make the shots that count.
It is vital to compensate and calibrate for the eye relief on your scope for a shooter’s accuracy and safety.
This is because having the proper distance allows you to see the optic’s full exit pupil while ensuring you do not end up being punched in the eye by your scope when recoil occurs.
This tends to happen when your eye is too close to your aiming device.
What Is the Purpose of Eye Relief?
Eye relief is designed to give you a clear, uniformly unobstructed view of your target by allowing enough light to enter your scope and transmitting the entire image into your eyes without vignetting/blurring at the sides.
It gives you enough distance to understand what your scope is trying to tell you.
It also helps prevent scope eye, which is likely to occur if you do not have the proper eye relief.
This happens when your scope causes you to go too close to get a clearer view of your target.
This puts you at risk of the scope hitting your eye due to powerful rifle recoil (scope bite), which is something you would want to avoid if you value your eyesight and good looks.
By getting adequate eye relief, you can prevent scope bite and produce a clear sight picture while out on the range.
How Much Eye Relief Do I Need?
How much eye relief you need will depend on the shooting area and the caliber of your rifle scopes.
Different rifle scopes come with a recommended eye relief distance to provide the most ideal and comfortable shooting position for their users.
There are three main types of eye relief distances: short eye relief, standard eye relief, and long eye relief.
Short Eye Relief Scope
Short eye relief scopes are designed to reduce the distance between the shooter’s eye and the scope’s eyepiece. They usually offer around 2 to 3 inches of eye relief or 50.8 to 76.2 millimeters.
They are specifically marketed for certain firearm types and shooting scenarios.
They are commonly used for situations that need you to hold your firearm closer to be stable. These include compact rifles, handguns, and tactical firearms.
It is best to have shorter eye relief when shooting in a confined space or close-quarter environments. This makes them ideal for tactical, urban, or home defense scenarios.
They are commonly used for pistol-caliber SBRs, shotguns, and other firearms for close to medium-range shooting.
The best part about these scopes is their faster target acquisition, especially since they are closer to the eye. You can use them in scenarios that rely on speed and rapid engagement.
However, a short eye relief scope offers limited relief and can be challenging for firearms that generate a strong recoil. There is a high chance of getting a scope bite or experiencing discomfort with your eyepiece while shooting.
Standard Eye Relief Scope
You might wonder, “What is the standard eye relief on a scope?”
Standard eye relief scopes are typical on centerfire rifles, offering 3.5 to 4 inches of eye relief or 88.9 to 101.6 millimeters.
They are known for being versatile and providing a clear image quality in various shooting scenarios. These scopes are commonly used for medium-range shooting, target practice, and hunting. However, they can also be used for long-range shooting.
They are designed to be used almost anywhere, from flat and open areas to various landscapes and shooting environments. These scopes are incredibly versatile and can be used by many hunters.
They can be used for various calibers, whether medium or large. The caliber will depend on the shooting distance and the application.
These scopes are mostly known for their high magnification range. However, this isn’t exclusive to these types of scopes. High magnification can be available for many eye relief configurations.
A significant downside of these scopes is that their relief might not be as wide as other rifles. However, this characteristic can vary between models and magnification ranges.
Long Eye Relief Scope
Having learned the previous two distances, you might be curious, “What is a long eye relief scope?”
Long eye relief scopes have an extended distance between the shooter’s eye and the eyepiece, which extends to six inches or 152.4 millimeters.
They are advantageous when the shooter needs to keep their eye a distance from the scope or if the firearm needs more mounting space. This is typical for scout scopes or firearms with unique stock configurations.
These scopes are usually beneficial for dense or brushy environments. Long eye relief helps you gain an unobstructed image of your target and improves your shooting experience despite all the elements around you.
Longer eye relief scopes can be used for various calibers, especially with firearms requiring a greater distance from the scope tube. These include bolt action rifles or scout rifles that require a specific scout scope to get good eye relief.
Long eye relief scopes help maintain a more forward shooting position, offering better situational awareness and position flexibility.
That said, a long eye relief scope also comes with a broader field of view that makes target acquisition challenging. You must also note that long eye relief naturally shortens when shooting upward. Your position can affect your aim.
How to Measure Eye Relief for a Scope?
These are the steps on how to measure eye relief for a scope.
- Place your scope on your rifle and set your eye comfortably enough away from it.
- Adjust your position until you achieve a full view of your target area through your scope.
- Use a measuring tape or ruler to measure the distance between your eye and the eyepiece.
- Memorize the measurement so you can return to your ideal eye relief space.
How to Adjust Eye Relief on a Rifle Scope?
Each rifle has optimal eye relief sizes and the industry average the scope manufacturers provide, which begs the question, “Which part of the scope do I use for scope eye relief adjustment?“
Here is how to adjust eye relief on a rifle scope to get the correct eye relief you need while shooting your or someone else’s rifle.
- Have your scope rings loose before you attach your scope to your rifle.
- Place the rifle on a stable platform and assume a comfortable shooting position behind it. Your work area should have enough light transmission.
- Keep your rifle in a firm, balanced position on your shoulder.
- Ensure the rifle scope is at a comfortable distance before looking through the eyepiece and ensuring you have a clear view.
- Once you have a clear picture, good eye relief distance, and a complete view of your field, secure this position. The evaluation dial should be set on top.
- Tighten the scope rings to lock your scope in place.
Why Is Eye Relief Important?
You need proper eye relief for a better experience and safety. That is why most shooters find eye relief important for any hunting or range trip.
I will discuss how eye relief affects your safety and comfort while shooting and how it can provide a consistent sight picture and focus.
Having the correct eye relief also provides proper reticle placement, reduces parallax error, and enhances the accuracy of your shots, which I will go into further detail below.
Safety and Comfort
The right rifle scope eye relief can ensure your safety and prevent injuries. If you work with the proper eye relief, you are less likely to leave the range with band-aids or black eyes from scope bite.
It will also lessen the risk of eye fatigue by keeping your eye at the ideal distance from the rear lens, ensuring you do not constantly strain to see your target.
Consistent Sight Picture and Focus
Your scope eye relief can help maintain a clear and consistent picture, giving you more precise aiming and a more explicit focus on your target.
Proper Reticle Placement
Proper reticle placement helps minimize the distortion and maintain the alignment of your rifle to your target. This drastically improves your accuracy while shooting.
Reduction in Parallax Error
Since generous eye relief can help you get a clearer image of your target, it will lessen the impact of parallax error for higher accuracy at the range.
Accuracy is vital when hunting or shooting. Many of the previously mentioned factors can contribute to the accuracy of your shot, especially your rifle scope eye relief.
Using Eye Relief with Different Shooting Scenarios
It is essential to consider the different scenarios that come into play when you use your rifle scope.
These can all affect the eye relief recommended for your situation.
Close-range shooting is when your targets are within 50 yards of your position.
You would require rapid target acquisition, so working with rifle scopes with less eye relief is best. Adjust your eye relief to accommodate a wider view of your target area.
Optimal eye relief is vital in these tactical situations, as your weapons are often closer to your body.
Medium-range shooting is when your targets are between 50 and 300 yards from your position.
It is best to balance comfort and having a clear, focused reticle while shooting at this range. You will also need to consider your target’s size and visibility. This means choosing standard eye relief that meets your needs.
After all, maintaining consistent eye relief is vital to avoid discomfort, especially for multiple shots.
That said, medium-range shooting offers manageable recoil management, meaning you do not need extremely long eye relief.
Long-distance shooting is when your target is beyond 300 yards from your position.
You will prefer a relief that allows a clear reticle focus and lessens strain during extended aiming. Longer eye relief will help effectively align your reticle with the target in the distance.
However, your optics will require fine-tuning for windage and elevation calculations.
Other Shooting Scenarios
- Practical Applications of Handguns, Shotguns, and Rifles – Address the differences in the eye relief you need, given your firearm’s recoil, intended use, and shooting style.
- Dynamic Shooting Situations – Be prepared for dynamic shooting situations or fast-paced scenarios. You may need an optic with a shorter eye relief to help you quickly refocus between shots.
- Low-Light Conditions – If you lose light transmission, your target can become blurry through the ocular lens. Adjusting your eye relief can help optimize visibility.
- Prone or Bench Shooting – Adjusting your optics and relief based on your shooting position is vital, as not all optics work best for one position or the other.
- Shooting from Elevated Positions – Different angles can affect how far you should be from your scope, especially when shooting from elevated positions.
- Engaging Multiple Targets – You can have a more accurate shot placement across multiple targets if you maintain optimal relief.
- Quick Transitions and Follow-Up Shots – Consistent eye relief also helps you get faster target reacquisition and more accurate follow-up shots when shooting in rapid succession.
- Field vs. Range Shooting – There are many differences between the field and the range. You can control your target when you are at the range, while being out in the field means you have less time and chances to adjust your eye relief.
- Urban and Tactical Scenarios – How well your relief can adapt to the changing weather conditions and other external factors can improve how easily you zero in on your target.
- Using Optics in Combination – Having multiple optical devices working in conjunction can affect how you switch from one relief to another.
What Are the Factors That Affect Eye Relief?
Numerous factors can affect your eye relief and your performance at the range.
These are the different factors, from mounting height and scope design to your movement and other external factors.
- Eye Relief Variability – The distance between your eye and the eyepiece can change depending on the magnification settings.
- Scope Mounting Height – A proper scope mounting height affects how comfortable you are when you maintain a specific distance from the eyepiece.
- Scope Design – Scopes have different designs that can affect how far you should be when shooting.
- Shooter Movement – Quick movements will affect your eye relief and can influence your overall accuracy and comfort.
- Eye Relief Adjustment Mechanisms – Scopes can come with adjustment mechanisms and customization to adjust to your specific needs.
- Different Shooting Disciplines – Your shooting discipline can dictate the relief adjustments you set.
- Rifle Mounting Configuration – How your scope is mounted can affect how you get relief, especially if it’s too high or too low.
- Eye Relief Distance – How you adjust scopes depends significantly on your comfort. If you are not in a comfortable position, you may need to determine your preferred eye relief and adjust accordingly.
- Eyeglasses or Protective Gear – Factors such as distortion from your eyewear (such as glasses and goggles) and how it can obscure the view of the target should be considered when adjusting the distance between the eye and the eyepiece.
- Positional Changes – If you frequently transition between positions, you need to maintain the correct distance between your eye and the eyepiece in those positions.
- Shooting Environment – Your environment can require adjustments to your distance to the eyepiece.
What Are Factors to Consider for Finding the Right Eye Relief?
Many factors come into play when we look for a scope for shooting. Here’s how to determine the right eye relief on a rifle scope.
- Personal Comfort – Your comfort is the number one factor to consider when aiming and shooting. Eye relief should be natural and minimize discomfort.
- Safety Concerns – A safe distance between your eye and the scope will help prevent injuries like scope bites. This will ensure that you do not end up with bruises and look like you have gotten into a boxing match after being at the range.
- What is scope bite? – Scope bite is when you get hit, usually on the nose or the eyebrow area, by the scope due to recoil.
- Shooting Position – You should be able to maintain your shooting stance and position without straining your eyes. This will affect your overall accuracy and experience.
- Scope Design – You need to choose a scope that aligns with your style and eye relief preference.
- Scope Mounting Height – Choose a scope that is mounted adequately at the right height. They should have the optimal alignment between your eye and your eyepiece.
- Shooting Style and Personal Preferences – Consider your shooting style to ensure your eye relief is correct. Other personal factors, such as being a glasses wearer, will also affect your preferences.
- Eyeglasses or Protective Gear – If you wear glasses or other protective gear, you will need to work around them to stay comfortable when using your optic. Glasses wearers may need specifications that are personalized to fit their needs.
- Firearm Recoil – Adjusting based on how strong the recoil is can ensure that you do not get injured and will not end up hitting your eye socket while shooting.
- Scope Magnification – You need to know how magnification settings (whether fixed or variable) should be set to provide comfort across different shooting scenarios.
- Manufacturer Recommendations – Follow what the scope’s manufacturer recommends so you can get the most out of the scope’s abilities and how it can adjust to your needs.
- Trial and Adjustment – You need to experiment with different distances and adjust as needed. This will help you fine-tune your shooting experience.
- Consulting Experts – Seek advice from experienced shooters or professionals. They can provide insight and knowledge to help you determine your needs.
- Environmental Conditions – Having slight adjustments to your environment and shooting conditions can immediately affect how you shoot.
- Practice and Familiarity – Regularly practicing with your equipment can help you get used to consistent shooting positions and eye relief.
Final Thoughts on Eye Relief on a Scope
Whether you are a casual firearms fan or a professional shooter, eye relief is vital for anyone working with scopes.
As for my final thoughts, eye relief is significant if you want to use your scope and rifle to the best of your abilities. It is non-negotiable for any scope shooter.